12 de Octubre: Día de la Resistencia Indígena4 min read
It may not be so controversial a problem from a North American standpoint, however for Latin-Americans everywhere this question has always been significant: What is the most appropriate name for October 12th?
Día de los Pueblos Originarios y del Diálogo Intercultural
Día de la Raza
Due to the fact that of ethical, respect and moral reasons, there is a new whole point of view regarding el día de Colón, as it is considered wrong to commemorate the Spanish– and subsequently European– conquest of “el Nuevo Continente” (the New Continent, in referral to the Americas).
” Explotación de México por los conquistadores españoles” by Diego Rivera. Image drawn from www.gob.mx
Día del Encuentro de Dos Mundos
Venezuela and Nicaragua chose for their part to honor the Pre-Columbian individuals by highlighting their resist the European advance on their territories. “Día de la Resistencia Indígena” (” Day of Indigenous Resistence”) has actually been the name of the vacation in Venezuela considering that 2002. Nicaragua made it a bit more inclusive: there, it is called “Día de la Resistencia Indígena, Negra y Popular” (Day of the Indigenous, Black and the Peoples Resistance)
When it comes to Peru, October 12th is not a legal vacation, however it is formally commemorated because 2009 as the “Día de los Pueblos Originarios y del Diálogo Intercultural” (” Day of the Aboriginal Peoples and Intercultural Dialogue”)
Informally called “Día de la Raza”, Chile picked the name “Día del Encuentro de Dos Mundos” (actually, Day of the Meeting of Two Worlds) in 2000 to alter the standard, official name for this day given that 1922: “Aniversario del Descubrimiento de América” (that is, the Anniversary of the Americas Discovery)
In Bolivia, October 12th was decreed in 2011 to be commemorated as the “Día de la Descolonización” (Decolonization Day), after having actually being formally referred to as “Día de la Liberación, de la Identidad y de la Interculturalidad” (” Day of Liberation, Identity and Interculturalism”)
Día del Respeto a la Diversidad Cultural
Día de la Resistencia Indígena
That is the reason that, in current decades, numerous Spanish-speaking countries around the globe have been changing the name of this holiday, in order to shine more light on its positive elements or perhaps long-ignored components. Lets check some of the most popular
In 2010, the Argentinean federal government decided to change the name “Día de la Raza” (Day of the Race) to “Día del Respeto a la Diversidad Cultural” (Day of Respect of Cultural Diversity), as it revealed a less prejudiced conception of peoples and the way they can peacefully exist side-by-side. On the other side of the Río de la Plata, Uruguayans simply preferred “Día de la Diversidad Cultural” (Day of Cultural Diversity)
” National Day of Spain and Hispanic Day” was the name chosen for the Spanish federal government to describe October 12th from 1981 until 1987, when it was once again modified to the existing “National Day of Spain”. Nevertheless, “Hispanic Day” is still widely accepted there, and is even the official name for it in Guatemala
Día de la Descolonización
This legal holiday is considered as a commemoration of Indigenous peoples resist foreign invaders and a chance to remember– in the most respectful light– all the Aboriginal individuals that were eradicated in the centuries after Columbuss endeavor. In some circumstances, it is comprehended as the minute when 2 very various cultures met, and the lots of outcomes of that historic clash.
Throughout the 20th century, how Columbus Day must be called became a crucial subject when one remembers what it was expected to be commemorated there: Spains arrival in the Americas on October 12th, 1492, with explorer Cristóbal Colón (the Spanish name for Christopher Columbus) at the helm of the exploration.
Día de la Hispanidad
As the most common name for this vacation, “Día de la Raza” (Day of the Race) is the official name used in Colombia, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, El Salvador, and in some states of the United States. One validation for utilizing the term “race” is that it would be a reference to the “Ibero-American race”; to put it simply, the cultural mix of various people on the Americas.
Venezuela and Nicaragua chose for their part to honor the Pre-Columbian individuals by highlighting their battle against the European advance on their territories. “Día de la Resistencia Indígena” (” Day of Indigenous Resistence”) has been the name of the vacation in Venezuela given that 2002. Nicaragua made it a bit more inclusive: there, it is called “Día de la Resistencia Indígena, Negra y Popular” (Day of the Indigenous, Black and the Peoples Resistance)